Understanding the Role of Culture in Mental Health

Understanding the Role of Culture in Mental Health

As social beings, we are profoundly impacted by the culture and environment in which we live, breathe, and forge our identities. Culture, as the collective expression of beliefs, values, rituals, and norms, can either nurture or constrain our mental well-being.

In this article, we will explore some of the key factors within culture and how they play a role in one’s mental health.

The Variety of Cultural Factors That Influence Mental Health

There are a wide variety of factors that determine the makeup of a culture. However, certain aspects have a greater impact on mental health than others. The most powerful of them include religion, family influence, and social norms.

In the case of religion, we are dealing with beliefs that often contribute to the core identity of a person. With regard to family influence, we are looking at how the support by family members (or lack thereof) can help or hinder the formation of a healthy personality.

Similarly, social norms often restrict individual expression, which has its own implications on mental health. Let us explore these aspects further.

Family Influence

It is obvious that family support is critical for maintaining positive mental well-being, especially for children. Emotional support and validation from within a family system can go a long way toward enhancing a child’s mental health.

In this context, communication patterns within a family significantly affect mental well-being. Healthy and effective communication fosters understanding and connection.

In contrast, inadequate communication marked by bickering, discord, or an absence of authentic expression can contribute to a sense of isolation and exacerbate mental health challenges.

Supportive parenting approaches, characterized by nurturing warmth and balanced discipline, foster positive growth and well-being in children. On the flip side, neglectful, authoritarian, or permissive parenting methods increase vulnerability to mental health concerns.


One of the most powerful factors that influence people’s lives in many cultures is religion. Religion can have both positive and negative impacts on mental health, depending on various factors and individual experiences.

When it comes to the positives, religion often provides individuals with a sense of meaning, purpose, and a broader perspective on life. Believing in a higher power and having a spiritual framework can offer comfort, hope, and a sense of belonging. This can contribute to increased resilience and a positive outlook on life.

In more conservative and religious states like Texas, it is not uncommon to see spiritualism find its way into many aspects of everyday life. According to Zencare, religious people often feel that therapists won’t understand their issues.

While this is a common concern, any standard Texas therapist is trained in a holistic manner. Some of them even have specialized skills related to helping people with their spirituality.

It’s not surprising that religious people need therapy. There are a number of ways that religion affects mental health adversely. Rigid moral codes, strict expectations, or doctrines emphasizing sin and punishment can lead to self-judgment, anxiety, and low self-esteem.

In some cases, individuals may even experience religious trauma due to harmful experiences within religious contexts. Having a therapist to talk with regarding these experiences can obviously be beneficial.

Social Norms

Social norms refer to the unwritten rules that control behavior within a specific society. They are the accepted standards of behavior and attitudes that guide a person’s actions, choices, and interactions in various social contexts. As you might imagine, there are several ways that such norms can affect our mental health.

Norms can be explicit or implicit. Explicit norms are formally expressed and widely acknowledged, for example, laws or official codes of conduct. Implicit norms, on the other hand, are more subtle and deeply ingrained in social interactions.

The very idea of conformity discourages the expression of certain emotions, particularly negative ones like sadness or anger. This can lead to emotional repression and difficulty in seeking support or addressing mental health concerns openly, which may contribute to the development or worsening of mental health issues.


Recognizing the influence of culture, environment, and social norms on mental health is imperative for developing good mental well-being.

Promoting a supportive environment within religion, the family unit, and society is vital for positive mental health outcomes. One could say that the transformation of familial structures and society to become more conducive to mental health is a collective responsibility. We all have a stake in it.

At the familial level, it is essential to prioritize open communication and emotional support within family systems. On a broader societal scale, challenging and reshaping societal norms is crucial.

Of course, transforming familial structures and society to be more conducive to mental health is neither an easy nor a quick process. However, the sooner that people begin efforts, the sooner society becomes a more positive place for mental health.